World Heritage - Guimarães
Photo: Historic Centre of Guimarães - World Heritage (2001)
Guimarães is a city with a glorious past, whose history is linked to the foundation of the Portuguese national identity and the Portuguese language in the century. XII.
The Historic Centre of Guimarães is a unique vestige of a particular type of city design, which had its own evolution due to the morphology of its medieval urban fabric. It is characterized by a succession of squares with a particular type of construction, typologically diverse but with a great formal unity as a whole, fully built with traditional building techniques, called mud rotation and mud fasquio.
The only good that UNESCO classified in 13 December 2001 It is the most reproductive and lasting investment in the city. The most profitable for the city is that it has only, and the world recognizes.
The UNESCO Committee inscribed the Historic Centre of Guimarães in the World Heritage List of Goods, based on the following criteria:
Guimarães is of considerable universal significance, in that here developed specialized construction building techniques during the Middle Ages that were later exported to the Portuguese colonies, Africa and the New World, becoming, same, in essential characteristics;
Guimarães history is closely associated with the establishment of Portuguese national identity and the Portuguese language in the twelfth century;
Guimarães, one exceptionally well-preserved town, It reflects the evolution of some private buildings from medieval times to the present, with particular between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Source: (CMGuimaraes, 2016)